Showing posts with label Brave girl Malala yousafzai. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Brave girl Malala yousafzai. Show all posts

Wednesday, 10 October 2012

Brave girl Malala yousafzai

Malalal Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai  born 1998 is a student from the town of Mingora in Swat District, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan, known for her civil right’s activism, especially in the field of women’s rights in the Swat Valley, where the Taliban regime has banned girls from attending school. At 13, Yousafzai came to prominence through a blog she wrote for the BBC under the pseudonym Gul Makai, detailing her life under the Tehrik-i-Taliban regime and their attempts to regain control of the valley after a military occupation had pushed them into the countryside. The international children's advocacy group KidsRights Foundation included Yousafzai among the nominees for the International Children's Peace Prize, making her the first Pakistani girl nominated for the award.

After attack
Malala Yousafzai is an eighth-grade  student from the town of Mingora in Swat  District, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa, Pakistan,  known for being a children's rights  activist
Malala Yousafzai came to public attention in 2009 by writing a diary for BBC Urdu about life under Taliban militants who had taken control of the valley.
The group captured the Swat Valley in late 2007 and remained in de facto control until they were driven out by Pakistani military forces during an offensive in 2009.
While in power they closed girls' schools, promulgated Islamic law and introduced measures such as banning the playing of music in cars.
Malala Yousafzai's brother, Mubashir Hussain, told the BBC that the militants were "cruel, brutal people" and urged all Pakistanis to condemn them.
Pakistani politicians led by the president and prime minister condemned the shooting, which the US state department has called barbaric and cowardly.
President Asif Ali Zardari said the attack would not shake Pakistan's resolve to fight Islamist militants or the government's determination to support women's education.
Army chief Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani visited Malala in hospital on Wednesday and said the Taliban had "failed to grasp that she is not only an individual, but an icon of courage".
Thousands of people around the world have sent the teenage campaigner messages of support via social media.
Teachers and students condemn the attack on Malala Yousafzai
Schools in the Swat Valley closed on Wednesday in protest at the attack, and schoolchildren in other parts of the country prayed for the girl's recovery.
Protests were held in Peshawar, Multan and in Malala's hometown of Mingora, and another rally was expected in Lahore.
Late on Tuesday, she was flown from Mingora, where the attack happened, to the city of Peshawar, 150km (95 miles) away, for surgery.
Doctors in Peshawar operated on her for hours before managing to remove the bullet early on Wednesday.
"The operation went well, now she is ok and the swelling is down," her father, Ziaudin Yousafzai, told BBC Pashto.
"Please pray for her, the next 24 to 48 hours are very important. Doctors are saying we don't need to shift her. It's good for her to be here now."
A medically equipped plane had been placed on standby at Peshawar airport as medical experts tried to determine whether she would need further treatment overseas.
Police said they had arrested more than 40 people in the area, but all were later released on bail.
Correspondents say the arrests are part of a routine, and even the police do not believe they have found the attackers.

Continue reading the main story

Start Quote
Malala Yousafzai earned the admiration of many across Pakistan for her courage in speaking out about life under the rule of Taliban militants, correspondents say.

She was just 11 when she started her diary, two years after the Taliban took over the Swat Valley and ordered girls' schools to close.

Writing under the pen-name Gul Makai for BBC Urdu, she exposed the suffering caused by the militants.

Her identity emerged after the Taliban were driven out of Swat. She later won a national award for bravery and was nominated for an international children's peace award.

Since the Taliban were ejected, there have been isolated militant attacks in Swat but the region has largely remained stable and many of the thousands of people who fled during the Taliban years have returned.




Pakistani doctors had successfully operated on Malala Yousafzai and removed the bullet lodged in her neck after being shot by the Taliban.

Doctors were to decide whether to fly abroad Malala abroad for further medical treatment, however, the interior minister confirmed that, according to her doctors, the girl was “out of danger” and the decision to send her abroad had been temporarily postponed.

“The girl is out of critical condition … and she will be sent abroad if the medical board thinks there is a need for further treatment there,” he said, also confirming that the central part of Malala’s brain had not been affected.

Malala Yousafzai was shot on her school bus with two friends in the former Taliban stronghold of Swat on Tuesday, then flown to the main northwestern city of Peshawar to be admitted to a military hospital.

Malala had spent Tuesday night in intensive care, where doctors at the Combined Military Hospital (CMH) described her condition as critical.

Last night, a doctor at CMH told AFP that the bullet had travelled from her head and then lodged in the back shoulder, near the neck.

“She is in the intensive care unit and semi-conscious, although not on the ventilator,” he told AFP on condition of anonymity because he was not authorised to speak to the media.

The next three to four days would be crucial, he added.

Army chief issues statement

Army Chief Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani visited the CMH on Wednesday to inquire on Malala’s condition.

The country’s top military officer also issued a strongly-worded statement condemning the attack.

“In attacking Malala, the terrorist have failed to grasp that she is not only an individual, but an icon of courage and hope, who vindicates the great sacrifices that the people of Swat and the nation gave, for wresting the valley from the scourge of terrorism,” Kayani said.

He vowed the military would not bow to terrorists like those who shot the young activist. “We will fight, regardless of the cost we will prevail,” he said.

Tuesday’s shooting in broad daylight raises serious questions about security more than three years after the army claimed to have crushed a Taliban insurgency in the valley.

The Pakistani Taliban claimed the attack in a series of telephone calls to reporters and then issued a strongly-worded statement justifying the attack on a child on the grounds that Malala had preached secularism “and so-called enlightened moderation”.

The Taliban controlled much of Swat from 2007-2009 but were supposedly driven out by an army offensive in July 2009.

“It’s a clear command of sharia that any female, that by any means plays a role in war against the mujahedeen, should be killed,” said spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan.

He accused the media of pouring out “smelly propaganda” against the Taliban, saying that women had also been killed in Pakistan military operations and were detained by the intelligence services.

Widespread condemnation

The assassination attempt on the life of National Peace Award winner Malala Yousafzai drew widespread condemnation from the government, political parties and civil society groups, terming it a bid to silent voice for peace and education.

Malala had won international recognition for highlighting Taliban atrocities in Swat with a blog for the BBC three years ago, when the Islamist militants led by radical cleric Maulana Fazlullah burned girls’ schools and terrorised the valley.

Her struggle resonated with tens of thousands of girls who were being denied an education by Islamist militants across northwest Pakistan, where the government has been fighting local Taliban since 2007.

She received the first-ever national peace award from the Pakistani government last year, and was nominated for the International Children’s Peace Prize by advocacy group KidsRights Foundation in 2011.

Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf telephoned Malala’s father to condemn the attack and promise that the government would pay for all medical treatment.

President Asif Ali Zardari said the shooting would not shake Pakistan’s resolve to fight Islamist militants or the government’s determination to support women’s education.

The United States denounced the “barbaric” and “cowardly” attack.

Amnesty International condemned the “shocking act of violence” against a girl bravely fighting for an education, saying that female activists in northwest Pakistan “live under constant threats from the Taliban and other militant groups”.

Malala was 11 when she wrote the blog on the BBC Urdu website, which at the time was anonymous. She also featured in two New York Times documentaries.

English-language Pakistani newspapers also reacted with horror to the shooting, which it said once again spotlighted the Islamist militancy scourge in Pakistan.

“Malala Yousafzai is in a critical condition today and so is Pakistan. We are infected with the cancer of extremism and unless it is cut out we will slide ever further into the bestiality that this latest atrocity exemplifies,”wrote The News.

Despite sporadic outbreaks of violence, the government is trying to encourage tourists to return to Swat, which had been popular with holiday makers for its stunning mountains, balmy summer weather and winter skiing.

On Wednesday, state carrier took journalists on a test flight to Saidu Sharif, Mingora’s twin town, for the first time since flights were suspended due to the insurgency.

Members of civil society have also condemned the attack and many have raised their voices against the barbaric act.

Take responsibility
3-Malala Yousafzai shot, injured in Swat
Taliban take responsibility; Nationwide condemnation, prayers
 22

Swat—Malala Yousafzai, a child rights activist and National Peace Award winner, was critically injured, along with another girl student, after a gunman shot her on Tuesday in Mingora town of district Swat while she returning home from school on a van.

Fourteen-year-old Yousafzai hails from Mingora and is known for her outstanding services for girls’ education during the Taliban dominance in the valley of Swat.

Police said a gunman opened fire on a school vehicle when Yousafzai along with other students came out from the school and boarded the van.

Reports said Yousafzai suffered gunshot wound in her head and throat and was immediately shifted to Sadu Sharif hospital in critical condition.

She gained fame for championing the cause of the people of Swat by blogging for an international media network under a pseudonym “Gul Makai.” In her blogs‚ she highlighted the atrocities of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan.

For her courageous and outstanding services for the promotion of peace under extremely hostile conditions‚ she was conferred the first National Peace Award by the Pakistani government on 19 December 2011.

She was also nominated for International Children’s Peace Prize by Kids Rights foundation.

Malala had been receiving threats to her life, after which she was provided with a special car and a guard but the guard was unarmed.

According to KP Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain her condition was stable.

The Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) which attacked National Award Peace winner Malala Yousafzai on Tuesday have said that they would target her again if she survives because she was a “secular-minded lady”.

A TTP spokesperson told media that this was a warning for all youngsters who were involved in similar activites and added that they will be targeted if they did not stop.

Taliban spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan said his group was behind the shooting.

“She was pro-West, she was speaking against Taliban and she was calling President Obama her idol,” Ehsan said by telephone from an undisclosed location.

“She was young but she was promoting Western culture in Pashtun areas,” he said, referring to the main ethnic group in northwest Pakistan and southern and eastern Afghanistan.

DPO Swat Rasool Shah said that a search operation had been initiated in the area and a number of suspects had been arrested.

Malala was shifted to Saidu Sharif Medical Complex in Mingora immediately after the incident.

Doctors at the Saidu Sharif Medical Complex said that Malala was out of danger after the bullet penetrated her skull but missed her brain.

“A bullet struck her head, but the brain is safe,” said Dr Taj Mohammed.

“She is out of danger,” he added.

Dr Laal Noor, from the same hospital, confirmed that the bullet broke her skull but missed her brain.

Later Malala was flown to CMH, Peshawar where detailed check up was carried out.

As the news made rounds, hundreds of people flocked outside the hospital, willing to donate blood to Malala.

Two bullets hit Malala — one in the head and another between the neck and chest.

Malala’s friend, Shazia, while narrating the incident said, ”When we were coming back from school, an unidentified man approached our bus and asked us to identify Malala, when we told him, he opened fire.”

Hailing from Mingora, the 14-year-old Malala struggled for restoring peace in Swat and education for girls in the region for which she was awarded the National Peace Award.

When the Taliban had banned education for females in the district, she kept a diary and wrote about the misdeeds of militants.

Yousufzai also remained a speaker for the Child Assembly in Swat, which works for child rights in the district.

President Asif Ali Zardari on Tuesday directed for sending Malala Yousafzai abroad for medical treatment.

Arrangements were being made to implement the President’s directive as last reports came in.

Government decided to send ambassador of peace Malala Yusufzai abroad for a critical surgery of the bullet wound suffered by her on the head.

According to reports, the bullet that pierced through Malala’s head reached very close to her spinal cord and as a result of a swollen head it was not impossible to carry out a surgery on an immediate basis.

Taking her abroad, the medical board members said, can save her life.

Prime Minister Raja Pervez Ashraf held a telephonic conversation with the father of Ms Malala Yousafzai and expressed concern over attack on her by gunmen when she was returning home from school which also injured Malala’s friends.

He strongly condemned the incident and assured him that the government will bear all the medical expenses on their treatment. He also informed him that he had directed the hospital authorities to extend best medical treatment and care to Malala as well as her friends who were injured in the attack.

The Prime Minister has also directed the Senior Minister Makhdoom Amin Faheem to rush to Peshawar to convey the feelings of the President, Prime Minister, Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, Aseefa Bhutto Zardari and Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari. Mr Amin Faheem carried bouquets for Ms Malala Yousafzai and her friends on their behalf.

Praying for their speedy recovery, the Prime Minister said the whole nation joins him in prayers for their recovery.

Earlier, Ashraf condemned in strongest terms the terrorist attack on Malala Yousafzai and said if Malala was not safe, no daughter was safe and the nation would have to fight jointly against the militant mindest.

PML (N) Quaid Nawaz Sharif, ANP President, Asfandyar Wali and several political leaders have condemned attack on Malala

Malala Yousafzai: Taliban shooting victim flown to UK

                Malala Yousafzai will be treated at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Major Trauma Centre

The 14-year-old Pakistani girl shot in the head by Taliban gunmen is being flown to the UK for medical treatment.
Malala Yousafzai has until now been at a military hospital in Rawalpindi, with doctors saying her progress over the next few days would be "critical".
She remains in a serious condition after the attack, which the Taliban said they had carried out because she had been "promoting secularism".
Pakistan's interior minister has said the attack was planned abroad.
Those involved would soon be caught, said Rehman Malik, without giving further details.
Bone damage

Malala left Pakistan on board an air ambulance provided by the United Arab Emirates, accompanied by a full medical team.
Details of her departure were not announced until she had already left the country because of security concerns.
The plane spent several hours in Abu Dhabi before flying on to the UK. It was not immediately clear whether any of her family were travelling with her.
Pakistan's ambassador to the Emirates, Jamil Ahmed Khan, said he had seen Malala before the plane resumed its journey, and told local media that her recovery was "very steady".
She will be treated at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham - an NHS (National Health Service) hospital with a major trauma centre specialising in both gunshot wounds and head injuries.
The cost of her care and rehabilitation is being met by Pakistan.
The bullet which hit Malala's skull was removed last week, during surgery in Peshawar which had saved her life, the Pakistani military said.
ADoctors had advised that if she were to be moved abroad, it should be "during this time window whilst her condition was optimal and before any unforeseen complications had set in," the statement added.
"The panel of doctors recommended that Malala be shifted abroad to a UK centre which has the capability to provide integrated care to children who have sustained severe injury," it said.
Once she has recovered sufficiently, she is expected to need treatment to repair or replace damaged bones in her skull and to undergo neurological treatment.
The BBC's Aleem Maqbool, in Islamabad, says Malala has been kept sedated and on a ventilator since she was taken to hospital, with tight security around her.
The ventilator was removed briefly over the weekend to see how she coped and doctors have presumably determined she is well enough to travel, says our correspondent.
Pakistan had previously insisted Malala could be treated in her home country.
UN petition


UK Foreign Secretary William Hague: "It was a cowardly attack on her and her school friends"
Malala gained attention aged 11, when she started writing a diary for BBC Urdu about life under the Taliban.
Using the pen-name Gul Makai, she wrote about suffering caused by militants who had taken control of the Swat Valley in 2007 and ordered girls' schools to close.
The Taliban were ousted from Swat in 2009, but Malala continued to receive death threats. Then last Tuesday, she was attacked as she returned home from school in Mingora, north-western Swat.
Two armed men on foot stopped a van packed with about a dozen schoolgirls in a congested area of the town.
One of them got into the van and asked which of the girls was Malala Yousafzai before he fired three shots, hitting Malala in the head and injuring two others.
The Taliban have said they will target her again.
Protests have been held in several Pakistani cities to condemn the Taliban's actions, including in Karachi, where tens of thousands of people turned out on Sunday.
Four people have been arrested in connection with the shooting. They were among about 100 people rounded up this week, most of whom were later released on bail.
The UK's Foreign Secretary William Hague said the attack had "shocked Pakistan and the world" and that Malala's bravery was "an example to us all".
"The public revulsion and condemnation of this cowardly attack shows that the people of Pakistan will not be beaten by terrorists," he said. "The UK stands shoulder to shoulder with Pakistan in its fight against terrorism."
On Monday, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown - now the UN's Special Envoy for Global Education - said he was  "in support of what Malala fought for".
"The petition calls on Pakistan to ensure that every girl like Malala has the chance to go to school," he said, while also calling on the international community to ensure all children have access to education by the end of 2015.
Mr Brown said he would hand the petition to Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari when he visits Islamabad in November.



LONDON: Malala Yousafzai arrived on Monday for treatment at theQueen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham — an NHS (National Health Service) hospital having a specialist major trauma centre for patients of serious injuries.
Taliban gunmen shot her in the head and she received treatment for a week in Pakistan but the doctors at the Military Hospital in Rawalpindi decided that she should be treated in Birmingham for the next “critical” stage.

The hospital chosen has the capacity for Malala to be treatedwithout affecting the normal operations of the hospital. The Pakistan government will meet full costs of the medical evacuation, NHS care and any ongoing rehabilitation. The Pakistan Army said in a statement that Malala would need to have bones in her skull repaired or replaced as well as long-term rehabilitation.

Britain’s Foreign Secretary William Hague said: “Last week’s barbaric attack on Malala Yousafzai and her school friends shocked Pakistan and the world. Malala’s bravery in standing up for the right of all young girls in Pakistan to an education is an example to us all. Malala will now receive specialist medical care in an NHS hospital. Our thoughts remain with Malala and her family at this difficult time. The public revulsion and condemnation of this cowardly attack shows that the people of Pakistan will not be beaten by terrorists. The UK stands shoulder-to-shoulder with Pakistan in its fight against terrorism.”

Malala, 14, is expected to need treatment to repair or replace damaged bones in her skull and to undergo neurological treatment.Baroness Sayeeda Warsi, the senior Foreign and Commonwealth Office Minister of State responsible for Pakistan, told The News: “I am relieved that Malala has come to the UK for the urgent treatment she needs. I felt it was essential Britain stood ready to support this brave young campaigner. The world responded when Malala was attacked. We support her fight for the right of girls to have an education. Her values are our values.”

Also yesterday, former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown — now the UN special envoy for global education — said he was launching a petition in Malala’s name “in support of what Malala fought for”.
He said: “I know that Britain will offer Malala the best treatment possible and the British people will welcome her, hoping and praying for her recovery. Today we are launching on www.educationenvoy.org a petition under the headline ‘I am Malala’ in support of what Malala fought for — that every girl has the chance to go to school. Today, sadly, 32 million girls are not going to school and it is time to fight harder for Malala’s dream to come true.”

“Malala was shot in the head by the Taliban simply because as a girl she wanted to go to school. The petition calls on Pakistan to ensure that every girl like Malala has the chance to go to school and calls on the international community to ensure that all out-of-school children around the world are in education by the deadline for the delivery of the Millennium Development Goals, the end of 2015,” he added.

A Downing Street spokeswoman said: “We offered last Thursday our help to the Government of Pakistan in caring for her because she does need particular specialist care. The authorities in Pakistan have taken us up on the offer. The Pakistani government is paying all transport, migration, medical, accommodation and subsistence costs for Malala and her party.”

The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, where Malala has been admitted, said in a statement on Monday night that she was safely transferred to the facility following a comfortable flight from Pakistan. She is currently stable and being assessed by a team of multi-specialist doctors, including clinicians from neurosurgery, imaging, trauma and therapies, from the Queen Elizabeth and Birmingham Children’s hospitals.

A full medical team accompanied her. “Malala’s ongoing clinical care is now the hospital’s priority. We will be providing timely condition checks and where appropriate, will give more detailed information about her condition as her treatment progresses,” the statement said.

Earlier, an ISPR spokesman in Rawalpindi said in a press release that the medical team that was treating Malala had been reviewing her progress at regular intervals and consulting with international experts. He said the acute phase had been managed in accordance with international standards and the medical team was pleased with her present condition, which was described as optimal.

The ISPR spokesman said the view of the international experts was that the nureo-surgery performed in Peshawar was exactly right and indeed saved her life. The decision to transfer her from Peshawar to the specialised paediatric intensive care unit at the AFIC was correct and timely. The specialist treatment that she received at the AFIC had the beneficial effect of stabilising her condition. He said the panel of Pakistani doctors and international experts agreed that Malala would require prolonged care to fully recover from the physical and psychological effects of trauma that she received.

The spokesman said that Malala’s family was consulted and their wishes were also taken into consideration. Accordingly, the panel of doctors recommended that Malala be shifted to a UK centre having the capability to provide integrated care to children with severe injury. Pakistan arranged with the UAE for an especially-equipped air ambulance used to transfer Malala to the UK. All expenses, including transportation of Malala by air ambulance and treatment abroad, would be borne by the Pakistan government.

Our correspondent in Islamabad adds: The Women’s Parliamentary Caucus (WPC) organised a programme at the Parliament House to pay tribute to Malala. In her opening remarks, WPC Secretary Dr Nafisa Shah in very strong words condemned the heinous crime and prayed for Malala’s early recovery.

In a joint statement, the WPC members condemned the obscurantism of the militants who use religion to promote their agenda of hatred and extremism. They reiterated their support for all Pakistanis fighting against terrorism, especially the people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Fata and urged the government, all elements of the society, judiciary and government functionaries to stand firm in fighting against terrorism.

APP adds from Hunza: Malala found hundreds of admirers in Gulmit village in Gojal Valley. The students and teachers of the Federal Government Boys High School, Gulmit, held a special prayer session for the female activist on Monday and prayed for her early recovery and long life.

A Yaum-e-Dua day was held for Malala across Azad Jammu & Kashmir on Monday. The PPP workers, supporters and locals, to express solidarity with Malala, held meetings and staged rallies.In Islamabad, the National Youth Assembly (NYA) appealed to the Pakistan government to nominate Malala for the Nobel Peace Prize.

Angelina Jolie for Nobel peace award for Malala

Angelina

Malaa
The United Nations Goodwill Ambassador Angelina Jolie has turned her attention to Malala Yousafzai, writing an opinion piece in defence of the 14-year-old Pakistani girl’s struggle for educational equality. She said that Malala should be considered for a Nobel Peace Prize.

The Hollywood heavyweight’s missive has appeared at Daily Beast, and underlines Malala’s plight, framed by her children’s reactions to the teen’s attempted murder by the Taliban.
"It was difficult for them to comprehend a world where men would try to kill a child whose only crime was the desire that she and others like her be allowed to go to school", wrote the actress, who is engaged to Brad Pitt.
Malala is undergoing treatment in the UK after insurgents shot her in the head for her advocacy of equal-opportunity education. She is said to be making a "good recovery".
She suggested that the wounded girl - now something of a poster child for human rights - should be considered for a Nobel Peace Prize.

UNESCO pays tribute to Malala Yousafzai

The Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova, today praised the bravery of Malala Yousafzai, the Pakistani 14-year-old girl who was injured during an assassination attempt on 9 October.
According to a statement on UNESCO's website, the Director-General was speaking at a tribute for the schoolgirl organized by UNESCO’s Executive Board, on the final day of its 190th session.
“Malala was targeted because she stood up for every young girl’s basic human right to receive an education,” the Director-General said. “This is an attack against all young girls, against the right to learn, the right to live life to the full; and it is unacceptable.”
“Faced with such extreme cowardice and brutality, UNESCO’s Member States should draw inspiration from the courage of Malala who in recent years defended publicly the right of all girls to go to school. Seen that a 14-year old can stand up to the Taleban, what should we—we who have political power and the will to act—do? Malala’s courage impels us to join the struggle against barbarism,” added Ms Bokova, who welcomed the Pakistani Government’s mobilization to protect schools and search for those behind the attempt on Malala’s life.
“We are all Malala and her courage must inspire our struggle to ensure the fundamental right of every human being to receive an education,” she concluded.
On 9 October, Malala Yousafzai was shot in the head as she travelled home from school in a bus in Swat, in north-eastern Pakistan. According to media reports, the Taleban have claimed responsibility for the attack during which two other schoolgirls were injured. Malala Yousafzai was transferred to a British hospital on 15 October for prolonged medical treatment.
Malala Yousafzai attracted public attention in 2009 when she published a blog telling of her life in Swat, in an area under Taleban control. She then became an activist campaigning for the rights of children and girls.
The day following the attack, on 10 October, the Director-General issued a press release denouncing the attempted murder. She wished to express her support for the Pakistani schoolgirl, who became a symbol of the struggle in favour of the right to education

 
Not satisfied with using Madonna in efforts to discredit Malala, some TTP members are weaving bizarre conspiracy theories around the case.
 
Not satisfied with using Madonna in efforts to discredit Malala, some Pakistani Taliban are weaving bizarre conspiracy theories around the case. One TTP commander, currently living underground in Karachi and asking not to be named, claims that the Malala shooting was all a big hoax. “It was just play-acting,” he says. “If she was wounded in the head as it was said in the media, the doctors would have been forced to shave her head, but in photos her hair is perfect. She was never wounded.”.
 
Zaman Taraki, a relatively moderate TTP sympathizer living in London, concedes that the shooting was genuine, but he insists that the attack was a plot by Punjabi members of Inter-Services Intelligence, the Pakistan government’s spy directorate, to rally worldwide support for military action in the TTP’s tribal-areas strongholds. But it’s no use, he says. U.S. support for action against the TTP “would only help the religious fanatics,” he says. “The Pakistani Army would never go after the Taliban in the tribal areas.”
The backlash against Malala actually began even before Madonna’s appearance in Los Angeles. I visited a madrassa in Mardan, a 90-minute drive from Malala’s Swat Valley hometown of Mingora. “There is no doubt that Islam never allows the killing of anyone under age,” says Maulana Ali Haqqani, 45, as his class of 15 students listened intently. “The question isn’t whether what happened to Malala was right or wrong. The question is why this incident is fueling anti-Islam feelings. The attack on Malala earned deep and rapid condemnation worldwide. So why does no one speak out against the killing of innocent kids in the tribal areas, Afghanistan, and Palestine?” 
Haqqani blames practically everyone he can think of: not only the U.S. and Israeli armed forces, but Malala’s father for encouraging her to speak her mind, the late U.S. diplomat Richard Holbrooke for agreeing to meet with her and thus helping to make her a target of the TTP’s rage, the entire world for supposedly ignoring atrocities that are committed against Muslims. “Thousands of Muslim kids were burned alive in Burma,” he says, referring to violence that killed an undetermind number of men, women,and childern last June. “Where were the people who are now at the front lines of the U.S.-led media war against Pakistan’s religious elements?” He takes off his glasses and looks proudly to his students. “I agree there is more sympathy for Malala than we thought, but it is Western media using her case and keeping it alive.”
In the end, there’s always a way to deflect the burden of responsibility to the West. “The Malala incident helped the West by successfully diverting attention from anti-Islam movies,” says Kakar Khan, evidently referring to the idiotic YouTube trailer for Innocence of Muslims, which set off furious protests across the Muslim world in September. “Malala was a poor and innocent girl, unwittingly forced to play her part in this satanic drama. Now her role is at an end, and the play will go on, costing lots of Muslim blood.” The tragedy will continue. That much seems beyond dispute.

Saturday, 29 September 2012

Steroid Anadrol 50




Anadrol 50(commonly called by athletes "A50" or "A-bombs") was initially developed as a compound to help people with anemia, and has since been used very successfully to aid people who are suffering from many other diseases where weight loss is a concern. Thus, it is clearly an effective agent for promoting weight gain, increasing appetite, gaining strength, and increasing Red Blood Cell count. And, as with most Anabolic/Androgenic Steroids (AAS),
it has it´s downsides as well. Anadrol will inhibit your body´s natural production of hormones (testosterone, etc& ), will negatively affect your blood lipid profile, can cause water retention, is notorious for causing headaches, and is also highly liver toxic (in fact, it has the worst reputation for hepatoxicity out of all steroids). Paradoxically, although one the benefits touted by it´s original manufacturer (Syntex) is that it can be used to stimulate weight gain through increasing appetite, taking too much may actually inhibit your appetite!

Anadrol Effects on Body
I think, in order to gain a complete understanding of the Anadrol effects on body, we need to take a look at its advantages contrasted with its disadvantages. Anadrol is a DHT-derived compound, and is 17-Alpha-Alkylated steroid, meaning that it has been altered at the 17th carbon position to survive oral ingestion. Most oral steroids are 17aa, and this helps them make it through your liver in a useful form. Sounds great, right? Lets 17alpha-alkylate everything! Well& as you can imagine, there´s a down side.

Anadrol Side Effects
This 17aa alteration, which makes it possible for Anadrol to survive its first pass through your liver, also makes it very taxing on your liver. How taxing is A50 and how much weight can you gain from its use? Well, there was a 30 week study done on A50 and, as you can expect, a reasonable amount of side effects were noted. The fact that A50 causes some side effects has really never been in debate. But how effective was the drug? Well, first it should be mentioned that this study was done on people with AIDS related wasting, and they actually gained weight (8+kg) while the control group lost weight, and had increased mortality rates. (1). I suppose, if you´re in a study because you have a wasting disease which is also a terminal illness, you don´t want to end up in the control group& .Anyway, weight gain in this study peaked at 19-20 weeks, though, so the last 10 weeks weren´t very productive in this respect. Clearly, you wouldn´t want to run Anadrol for 20 weeks, given its toxicity, but after that, any effect in terms of weight and strength gains would be negligible. So, with regards to sides from Anadrol, and the sheer fact that this study lasted so long (30 weeks), it should be apparent that they can be kept under control and the drug can be used safely. People are commonly told to limit their intake of A50 to 4 weeks or less& I´m a bit less conservative and think you can easily run A50 for 6 weeks or more.

From personal experience, however, I can tell you that gains from Anadrol are quite dramatic for the first 3 weeks, and then quickly level off. Unfortunately, I find that the side effects experienced from Anadrol (which include a headache, bloating, elevated blood pressure, and a general "unwell" feeling for me) remain for the entire duration of use& .but I find, as usual, side effects for this drug are pretty much half legend and half truth. Since Anadrol is derived from DHT, it can´t actually convert to estrogen (via the aromatase enzyme), and it´s not a progestin or a compound with progestenic activity& so the estrogenic (?) side effects produced by it are of a very mysterious nature. It has been speculated that perhaps it can stimulate the estrogen receptor without actually being converted to estrogen& that´s about as plausible an explanation as I´ve heard& However, things really get strange, when Oxymetholone has been used in studies to alter the female reproductive/menstrual cycle; in those cases, it has lowered plasma progesterone levels! (7)One would expect that an AI (aromatase inhibitor) wouldn´t be of much use with this drug, but many have found that Letrozole (which has, in some cases been shown to reduce estrogen in the body to an undetectable amount)(6) can greatly reduce or even eliminate many of the more noticeable side effects of Anadrol, such as the bloating.

As I´ve stated, however, the sides from this drug are certainly no joke, but are easily preventable, and controllable. One study even showed very few sides for subjects using up to 100mgs of Oxymetholone (2). In the original UnderGround Steroid HandBook, Dan Duchaine states that he used it at doses up to 150mgs/day. Clearly, Anadrol´s hepatoxicity has been a bit exaggerated, in some circles. Be that as it may, my suggestion is still to limit Anadrol´s use to 6 weeks, at a maximum& even if just to err on the side of caution. Of course, I have personally run this drug for much longer..

How should we use Anadrol? I´d probably be willing to include Anadrol in a cycle including injectable steroids, but not other 17aa compounds. I´d make any 6-week-run of this compound begin at the start of a cycle, as a form of "jumpstart" towards seeing gains quickly. The quick gains you will get from Anadrol (up to a pound per day for the first 2 weeks are not uncommon in Steroid.com members) are also just as quick to disappear upon cessation of use& .unless you are simply using it as a kickstarter, while waiting for your other compounds to kick-in. I´ll go out on a limb here and say that utilizing Anadrol as a "Jumpstart" is the most popular use of this drug for athletes and bodybuilders today. I´ll also say that this drug is immensely popular with strength athletes who don´t have to worry about weight classes (Field athletes and strongmen), and with powerlifters in the heavier weight brackets. It´s also important to note that in one study by Schroder et. Al (2) anadrol showed that it has the ability to lower serum SHBG (Sex Hormone Binding Globulin& which binds to your free test and makes it no longer useful for anabolism, among other things) concentrations by 54.9 ± 25.8 and 45 ± 16.2 nmol/l in the 50- and 100-mg treatment groups. This means there will be more free test circulating around your body when you take this drug& clearly, this would produce some synergy when stacked with other steroids. Given the large amounts of weight and strength which can be gained in a relatively short time span on this drug, I´m sure this comes as no surprise to many.

Another important and often understated characteristic of this compound is that Oxymetholone doesn´t bind well to the androgen receptor (Relative Binding Affinity = too low to be determined) (3) which is the lowest I´ve ever read about. Basically, what this tells me is that there are a lot of non-receptor mediated effects from this steroid, making it a very potent addition to ANY BULKING stack, because it won´t be competing for the receptor sites with the other steroids you´re using. It´s also, as you may have guessed a very poor choice for a cutting stack.

ANADROL CYCLES
What is an Anadrol Cycle? How much should you use? Well, this is actually one of the most interesting facts about Anadrol. You see, most steroids produce what we call a "dose respondent curve" which is a fancy way of saying "the more you use, the more you gain."

Anadrol is one of the few steroids where the dose respondent curve flattens out very quickly. When you take 50mgs of Anadrol, you´ll make some very good gains. When you take 100mgs of Anadrol, you´ll make even more gains. However, it has been found that 100mgs/day is as effective for weight gain as 150mgs/day but produces less side effects and was less toxic (4). I feel that the jump from 50mgs to 100mgs constitutes an acceptable rise in benefit vs. cost, but this is not the case as dosages get over 100mgs. Now, lets see how 50mgs and 100mgs of Oxymetholone actually effect strength, when compared with each other:

Relative (%) changes in strength are shown for the groups receiving placebo (filled bars), 50 mg/day oxymetholone (open bars), and 100 mg/day oxymetholone (gray bars). Nos. above bars represent relative change (%) from baseline to week 12 for the 1-repetition maximum tests of strength. Error bars represent ± 1 SE from the mean. * Significant difference from placebo, P < 0.05; significant difference from placebo by Wilcoxon test, P < 0.02. See text for additional statistical analyses.

As you can see, in this study, doubling the dose of Anadrol nearly doubled the strength gains of the test subjects. Now, when we look at changes in body composition from Oxymetholone (chart below) we can see that although the guys taking the 100mgs (vs. the 50mgs group) had more fat lost and more Lean Body Mass gained, it wasn´t as dramatic as the differences in strength gains between the two groups:

Changes in body composition are shown for the groups receiving placebo (filled bars), 50 mg of oxymetholone per day (open bars), and 100 mg per day (gray bars). Numbers above the bars represent the mean absolute changes and the error bars are ± 1 SE. For total lean body mass (LBM) and total fat, differences among the 3 groups were significant (P < 0.0001, one-way ANOVA). * Significant differences from placebo, P 0.001.

Although I am usually not inclined to posit speculations on why a particular drug does or doesn´t do something, in this case I will. I´m guessing that the higher doses of Anadrol cause enough appetite suppression (at least anecdotally) to make eating rather difficult. It can also increase insulin resistance and glucose intolerance (5). This has the effect of making macronutrient absorption more inefficient, and could also be a factor in reducing gains when the dosage goes over 100mgs/day. Unfortunately, Anadrol also has a reasonably profound effect on your body´s natural hormonal system, on par with most other oral steroids, but not as bad as most injectables, and it´s certainly not as harsh on your lipid profile as many anabolics are

Anadrol Body Building
(2). As an interesting side note, some of the medical literature on this compound suggests a dose of 1-5mgs per kg of bodyweight. I´ll pause a second here for you to figure out how absurdly high of a dose that would translate to for the average bodybuilder!

To Buy Anadrol Liquiad Anadrol and others

This steroid is very available on the black market in the form of capsules, tablets (some are even 75mgs!), liquid, and even paper. Prices will vary, and be indicative of many different factors including the form you buy this compound in (paper will usually be the most expensive, and liquid the least), and where you live. In any case, you shouldn´t be paying more than $2.50-3.00 per 50mgs.

What is Anadrol?
(Oxymetholone)
    [17 beta-hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylene-17 alpha-methyl-5 alpha-androstan-3-one]
    Molecular Weight: 332.482
    Molecular Formula: C 21 H 32 O 3
    Melting Point: 178-180C
    Manufacturer: Syntex (Originally)
    Release Date: 1960
    Effective Dose: 100mgs (optimal)
    Active Life: <16hours
    Detection Time: up to 8 weeks
    Androgenic: Anabolic Ratio: 45:320
Anasterone; 17b-Hydroxy-2-hydroxymethylene-17a-methyl-3-androstanone; 4,5-Dihydro-2-hydroxymethylene-17-a-methyltestosterone
Molecular Formula C21H32O3
Molecular Weight 332.48
CAS Registry Number 434-07-1
EINECS 207-098-6
Melting point 172-180 ºC
alpha 34 º
Water solubility <0.1 g/100 mL at 23 ºC
Anadrol 50, also referred to as A50, is a powerful steroid that produces very noticeable weight gains in a very short time. Unfortunately, it is also highly toxic in the liver and produces some very unfavorable side effects, such as headaches, and bloating.

The gains from taking Anadrol 50 are very dramatic, but they tend to taper off quickly, which is why it is often stacked at the beginning of a cycle as a kick-start to fast gains.


Anadrol 50® is the U.S. brand name for oxymetholone, a very potent oral androgen. This compound was first made available in 1960, by the international drug firm Syntex. Since oxymetholone is quite reliable in its ability to increase red blood cell production (and effect characteristic of most anabolic/androgenic steroids), it showed great promise in treating cases of severe anemia. It turned out to be well suited for this purpose, and was popular for quite some time. But recent years have brought fourth a number of new treatments, most notably the non-steroidal hormone Epogen (erythropoietin). This drug is shown to have a much more direct effect on the red blood cell count, without the side effects of a strong androgen. Syntex stopped in the U.S. in 1993, which was around the same time they decided to drop this item in a number of foreign countries as well. Plenastril from Switzerland and Austria was dropped; following soon was Oxitosona from Spain. Many Athletes feared Anadrol 50 might be on the way out for good. But new HIV/AIDS studies have shown a new light on oxymetholone. These studies are finding (big surprise) exceptional anti-wasting properties to the compound and believe it can be used safely in many such cases. Interest has been peaked, and as of 1998 Anadrol 50 is again being sold in the United States. This time we see the same Anadrol 50 brand name, but the manufacturer is the drug firm Unimed. Syntex continues to market & license this drug in a number of countries however (under a few different brand names).

Anadrol 50 is considered by many to be the most powerful steroid available, with results of this compound being extremely dramatic. A steroid novice experimenting with oxymetholone is likely to gain 20 to 30 pounds of massive bulk, and it can often be accomplished in less than 6 weeks, with only 50-100mg a day. This steroid produces a lot of trouble with water retention, so let there be little doubt that much of this gain is simply bloat. But for the user this is often little consequence, feeling bigger and stronger on Anadrol 50 than any steroid they are likely to cross. Although the smooth look that results from water retention is often not attractive, it can aid quite a bit to the level of size and strength gained. The muscle is fuller, will contract better and is provided a level of protection in the form of “lubrication” to the joints as some of this extra water is held into and around connective tissues. This will allow for more elasticity, and will hopefully decrease the chance for injury when lifting heavy. It should be noted however, that on the other hand the very rapid gain in mass might place too much stress on your connective tissues for this to compensate. The tearing of pectoral and biceps tissue is commonly associated with heavy lifting while massing up on heavy androgens. There is such a thing as gaining too fast. Pronounced estrogen trouble also puts the user at risk for developing gynecomastia. Individuals sensitive to the effects of estrogen, or looking to retain a more quality look, will therefore often add Nolvadex to each cycle.

It is important to note however, that this drug does not directly convert to estrogen in the body. Oxymetholone is a derivative of dihydrotestosterone, which gives it a structure that cannot be aromatized. As such, many have speculated as to what makes this hormone so troublesome in terms of estrogenic side effects. Some have suggested that it has progestational activity, similar to nandrolone, and is not actually estrogenic at all. Since the obvious side effects of both estrogens and progestins are very similar, this explanation might be a plausible one. However we do find medical studies looking at this possibility. One such tested the progestational activity of various steroids including nandrolone, norethandrolone, methandrostenolone, testosterone and oxymetholone. It reported no significant progestational effect inherent in oxymetholone or methandrostenolone, slight activity with testosterone and strong progestational effect inherent in nandrolone and norethandrolone. With such findings it starts to seem much more likely that oxymetholone can intrinsically activate the estrogen receptor itself, similar to but more profoundly than the estrogenic androgen methAndriol.
If this is the case we can only combat the estrogenic side effects of oxymetholone with estrogen receptor antagonists such as Nolvadex or Clomid, and not with an aromatase inhibitor. The strong anti-aromatase compounds such as Arimidex, Femara, or Aromasin would prove to be totally useless with this steroid, as aromatase is not involved.

Anadrol 50 is also a very potent androgen. This factor tends to produce many pronounced, unwanted androgenic side effects. Oily skin, acne and body/facial hair growth can be seen very quickly with this drug. Many individuals respond with severe acne, often requiring medication to keep it under control. Some of these individuals find that Accutaine works well, which is a strong prescription drug that acts on the sebaceous glands to reduce the release of oils. Those with a predisposition for male pattern baldness may want to stay away from Anadrol 50 completely, as this is certainly a possible side effect during therapy. And while some very adventurous female athletes do experiment with this compound, it is much too androgenic to recommend. Irreversible virilization symptoms can be the result and may occur very quickly, possibly before you have a chance to take action.

It is interesting to note that Anadrol 50 does exhibit some tendency to convert to dihydrotestosterone, although this does not occur via the 5-alpha reductase enzyme (responsible for altering testosterone to form DHT) as it is already a dihydrotestosterone based steroid. Aside from the added c-17 alpha alkylation, oxymetholone differs from DHT only by the addition of a 2-hydroxymethylene group. This grouping can be removed metabolically however, reducing oxymetholone to the potent androgen l7alpha-methyl dihydrotestosterone (mesterolone; methyldihydrotestosterone). There is little doubt that this biotransformation contributes at least at some level to the androgenic nature of this steroid, especially when we note that in its initial state Anadrol 50 has a notably low binding affinity for the androgen receptor. So although we have the option of using the reductase inhibitor finasteride (Proscar) to reduce the androgenic nature of testosterone, it would be of no benefit with Anadrol 50 as this enzyme is not involved.

The principle drawback to Anadrol 50 is that it is a 17alpha alkylated compound. Although this design gives it the ability to withstand oral administration, it can be very stressful to the liver. Anadrol 50 is particularly dubious because we require such a high milligram amount per dosage. The difference is great when comparing it to other oral steroids like Dianabol or Winstrol, which have the same chemical alteration. Since they have a slightly higher affinity for the androgen receptor, they are effective in much smaller doses. Anadrol 50 has a lower affinity, which may be why we have a 50mg tablet dosage. When looking at the medical requirements, the recommended dosage for all ages has been 1 – 5 mg/kg of body weight. This would give a 220lb person a dosage as high as 10 Anadrol 50 tablets (500mg) per day. There should be little wonder why when liver cancer has been linked to steroid use, Anadrol 50 is generally the culprit. Athletes actually never need such a high dosage and will take in the range of only 1-3 tablets per day. Many happily find that one tablet is all they need for exceptional results, and avoid higher amounts. Cautious users will also limit the intake of this compound to no longer than 4-6 weeks and have their liver enzymes checked regularly with a doctor. Kidney functions may also need to be looked after during longer use, as water retention/high blood pressure can take a toll on the body. Before starting a cycle, one should know to give Anadrol 50 the respect it is due. It is a very powerful drug, but not always a friendly one.

When discontinuing Anadrol 50, the crash can be equally powerful. To begin with, the level of water retention will quickly diminish, dropping the user’s body weight dramatically. This should be expected, and not of much concern. What is of great concern is restoring endogenous testosterone production. Anadrol 50 will quickly and effectively lower natural levels during a cycle, so HCG and Clomid/Nolvadex are a must when discontinuing a cycle.

The old practice of slowly tapering off your dosage is totally ineffective at raising testosterone levels. Without ancillary drugs, run away cortisol levels will likely strip much of the muscle that was gained during the cycle. If HCG and Clomid/Nolvadex are used properly, the person should be able to maintain a considerable amount of new muscle mass. Before going off, some alternately choose to first switch over to a milder injectable like Deca-Durabolin. This is in an effort to harden up the new mass, and can prove to be an effective practice. Although a drop of weight due to water loss is likely when making the switch, the end result should be the retention of more (quality) muscle mass with a less pronounced crash. Remember ancillaries though, as testosterone production will not be rebounding during Deca therapy.



2-Anadur (nandrolone hexylphenylpropionate) 


Anadur is steroid very closely related to Deca Durabolin.  The base compound in both drugs is 19-nor-testosterone, or  more commonly known as nandrolone. The base compound is  similar to testosterone except the absence of a carbon  atom in the 19th position. The significance of a  19-nor-testosterone compound is that the conversion to  estrogen is very low, while the bond strength with the  anabolic receptor (AR) is higher. The difference between  this drug and that of Deca Durabolin is that Anadur  contains the Hexyloxyphenylpropionate ester. This  particular ester is very large, making this steroid very  slow acting, if not the slowest acting of all the  nandrolone compounds. The downside to this large ester is  that on a mass to mass basis, there is less actual  nandrolone hormone than compared to Deca Durabolin.

Anadur would be used in a very similar fashion of Deca  Durabolin and mostly for those looking for gradual gains  with lower side effects. Anadur is not a commonly found  steroid but still exists in some parts of the world, as  listed later on. Nandrolone in general is more anabolic  than testosterone and has a very low androgenic  expression. It is reported to have an anabolic to  androgenic ratio of 37:125. Typically, males would take a  dosage range of 200-600mg/wk with higher doses sometimes  found in more advanced users. This compound normally would  not be recommended for women due to the virilization  effects this compound may cause such as increased body  hair, deepened voice, acne, and clitoral hypertrophy.  However, some female members at Anabolic Review have used  it at ultra low doses of 25-50mg/wk with good success. 

By Anadur´s chemical structure, this steroid can be  affected by the 5-alpha-reductace enzyme producing  dihydronandrolone (DHN). DHN is a compound similar to that  of DHT, however unlike DHT, DHN is a much weaker drug and  has a much lower affinity for binding to the AR .  Furthermore, the rate at which nandrolone is converted to  DHN will be much lower than testosterone. Because DHN is a  weaker compound, those with concerns for the prostate and  hair loss can still take Anadur with little side effects.  Most members report no hair loss while using nandrolone  products.

Also, again based on structure, Anadur can be converted to  estrogenic compounds via the aromatase enzyme. Although  some estrogen is produced, both the amount and the rate of  Anadur are much lower than testosterone, approximately  less than 20% than that of testosterone. Although estrogen  is low, the use of anti-estrogen compounds is highly  recommended.

While the levels of estrogen and DHN produces are low,  there is third mechanism in which Anadur can convert.  Nandrolone has been shown to have agonistic effects and  high affinity binding with the progesterone receptor and  act as a progestin throughout the body. Ideally, one would  want an anti-progesterone compound; however there are no  widely available products at this time.

Since Anadur has a high affinity towards the androgen  receptor while having a lower androgenic expression, it is  usually not recommended to be taken without testosterone.  Without a high androgenic expression and having a strong  bond to the AR, side effects of low testosterone are  possible such as the infamous "Deca-Dick" (impotence),  lethargy, and low sex drive. Furthermore, because of the  three conversion products listed above, this compound is  generally very suppressive to the body and can make it  difficult to restart natural testosterone production  during post cycle therapy. Most Anabolic Review members  report loss of libido and retention of gains after a  nandrolone only cycle, while the addition of testosterone  combats these problems for most. By adding testosterone,  the balance of androgenic expression is raised in the body  due to more competition and more binding with the AR.  Remember, nandrolone binds very heavily to the AR and  shows little androgenic expression so an androgenic  compound is needed to counteract this.

Users of nandrolone report a soothing sensation for their  joints. This is most likely attributed to the mild water  retention caused by nandrolone. For this reason, Anadur  would most likely not be found in high concentrations of a  cycle for those looking to lose fat, and more towards  those looking to gain mass. Also, because of the different  aromatizing products (estrogen, progesterone, and DHN),  some Anabolic Review members report gains of fat when  strict diets are not followed. Gains usually come steadily  and are quality gains that held on to easily with proper  post cycle therapy.

Anadur Stack
Anadur is a good steroid to be stacked with a few other  steroids, and as mentioned above testosterone is highly  recommended. Other compounds of example commonly stacked  with Anadur or other nandrolone compounds are Equipoise,  Dianabol, Winstrol, and Anavar.

Anadur Cycle
When ending a cycle containing Anadur, most of the  Anabolic Review members run testosterone for a couple  weeks longer than the nandrolone. Since nandrolone is so  suppressive, this gives the body time to clear the AR  binding with nandrolone and prepare for testosterone. The  Anabolic Review members report that this helps recovery  very much by doing so. For post cycle therapy, most follow  the typical regimen of Clomid and/or Nolvadex. Others like  to add HCG prior to ending the cycle.

Since Anadur is a nandrolone, it is to be expected that  some of the metabolites produced will stay in the body for  up to 18 months, making Anadur and all nandrolone  compounds a very poor choice for athletes who are drug  tested. 

Given the large fatty ester on Anadur, the active life is  reported to be around four weeks long. This also allows  for very few injections as low as one injection per week  for Anadur, although due to the relatively low  concentrations either high volumes or more frequent  injections are required. It is possible to only inject  weekly, but the volume required would be 6-8ml which would  not be advised with one injection.

Anadur Profile
    Nandrolone base + Hexyloxyphenylpropionate ester. 
    Molecular Weight(base):274.4022 
    Formula (base): C18 H26 O2 
    Melting Point (base): 122-124°C 
    Manufacturer: Various 
    Effective Dose (Men): 200-600mgs/week (2mg/lb of  Bodyweight) 
    Effective Dose (Women): 50-100mgs/week 
    Active life: 15 days 
    Detection Time: Up to 18 months 
    Anabolic/Androgenic ratio: 125:37 









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